Both Constitutions have their similarities and dissimilarities. The Iroquois constitution had been created prior to the U.S. Constitution. In the latter, we can find some ideas from the former because they were transferred by our government. This is the comparative characteristic of the both Constitutions. We discuss the Veto Power, Transference of the Authority, Three Branches of the Government, the Bicameral Legislature, and the Impeachment.
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The Veto Power
The power to veto a decision means refusing to allow the possibility of such a decision. This procedure is presented in the Iroquois Constitution. In general, this process is almost identical to the U.S. government procedure aimed at creating and vetoing different rules and laws. In the Iroquois Constitution, the Fire Keepers were the President, who had the power to veto decisions. It should be noted that the U.S. President can do the same in the government of the country.
Transference of the Authority
If the President cannot perform his or her duties, he or she is temporarily replaced by his or her partner. In the Iroquois Constitution, several physical disabilities that can make their President unsuitable for the position are indicated. It could be early childhood, dullness, blindness, voicelessness, and impotence. They approved a deputy on the position.
Three Branches of the Government
In both Constitutions, the government is split up into three branches. In the Iroquois Constitution, we can find that the main task for these branches is controlling each other so that none makes any mistakes. Accordingly, we can see the similarity of such a division in the U.S. Constitution.
The bicameral legislature denotes that there are two separate levels through which everything must pass. The Iroquois’ system of government also comprises two levels. All questions are discussed on the first level and then are debated and accepted on the second level. When we compare it with the U.S. Constitution, we have a two-level system consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The impeachment procedure is slightly dissimilar between two governments, but the main scheme is identical. If a state official in the United States breaks a federal law or does not have the highest rate he/she can be impeached. In the Iroquois Constitution, there is a thesis that if the leader does not have a majority of supporters or ignores the rules and laws, then he or she could be removed from the position.
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It is worth noting that the United States Constitution has a lot of similar principles as the Iroquois Constitution does. The Establishers of our Constitution had borrowed some ideas from the previous Constitution. They liked all the things we talked about. Due to them, we are using almost all of those ideas today, such as the veto power, transference of the authority, three branches of the government, the bicameral legislature, and the process of the impeachment. The above-mentioned basic concepts develop our state system and transform it in that way we know this system today.