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Earth is not only a planet in space; it is our home. This planet undergoes continuous changes that began billions of years ago and will continue in future. From time to time, the Earth is undergoing movements or alterations that effect our environment and security. All the natural disasters are very fast changes. They are inevitable, because they are beyond human control and cannot be prevented. A great part of these fast changes is attributed to the earthquakes. The earthquakes usually extensively affect the nature. However, people all over the world have learned to cope with all kinds of such a disaster. Every day, they destruct communities and affect professional and family life in different places of our planet. Nowadays, researchers pay additional attention to the risks of these disasters, because they destroy the life of many thousands of people every year. In just a few minutes, an earthquake can ruin the entire neighborhood or even a state. Realizing the significance of the earthquakes can assist in controlling prevention and rescue actions that help to preserve life and prevent property damage (The Impacts of Climate Change on the Risk of Natural Disasters, 2006).
Hurricanes are a real natural catastrophe. For example, hurricane Katrina was one of the most significant disasters of such type. First, it began as a Tropical Depression Twelve of the Bahamas and then proceeded to the Florida State.
Causes and Effects of the Hurricane
Flooding of the state was considered a cause of the Katrina hurricane. Additionally, two men were killed during the first landfall. Consequently, the hurricane lasted for a weak after it was seen in Florida. However, some time has passed before it transformed into a tropical storm (Zimmermann, 2012).
The second cause of the Katrina hurricane is tectonic plates’ faults. They created massive raptures and can be considered as additional cause of the earthquake. Such movements influenced the development of the hurricane and changes at the port operations’ level. When it goes to the topic of port operations, which were present in the state, the employment issue gains even greater attention. This type of occupation has given a large number of jobs to the population.
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The effect of the flooding that led to the hurricane was most vividly seen in the field of economic damages to export and import. It is useless to say that the hurricane caused by that flooding had a severe impact on the state’s economic affairs. The average damages were close to $150 billions. In addition, insured losses were estimated up to $70 billions. At least 400,000 homes have been destroyed, and a lot of people became homeless. If one wants to understand the overall impact of the hurricanes, he should notice that the state’s economic forces and roles are held in macroeconomic level. It is a widely known fact that New Orleans’ export and food products are one of the most popular in the world. The economy of the damaged state can be compared to a table that has only three main legs. These legs are port operations, tourism, and educational services. From the employment point of view, tourism was able to provide a great number of jobs for the state’s population.
The second effect of the hurricane Katrina is a huge loss of jobs. Additionally, industry has lost, as it was evaluated, about 25, 000 jobs and about $500 million in terms of wages. There is a need to state that arts, entertainment, and food sectors are recognized as New Orleans’ main industries. The Unites States is famous for this city. In addition to the loss of jobs, Katrina has stopped thousands of modern festivals, which have taken place there like New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival (Zimmermann, 2012).
Finally, there must be taken a range of actions concerning the climate changes, natural disasters, etc. The scientists also say that this may be a cause of the crisis of the Earth’s inhabitants and the planet itself, because an appropriate care is not provided. A lot of the nowadays environmentalists prove this based on the changes of the season. This pose additional threat to people, which are caused by human interference into the nature. Therefore, we should take measures concerning the relations between influences of the natural disasters and the change of climate. With such an amount of various options and opinions, intermediaries still are surprised that the argument is right (The Impact of Environmental Threats and Climate Change on our Physical and Psychological Health, 2007).
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