In 1912, America held its election that was highly contested by two candidates - Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. They had made various promises during their campaigns with each promising progressive reforms. Some of these reforms were similar but many differed. Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson wanted to change social and political platforms of the nation with Roosevelt calling for new nationalism and Wilson calling for new freedom. The following essay seeks to discuss the social and political platforms promised to change by the two candidates, Roosevelt and Wilson, during their campaigns and explain how they executed them after the elections.
The government of the United States had gone through many changes in the years ever since the first head of state and with the transformation, the presidential election of year 1912 made an important influence on how the country was run. Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson argued on a political condition that still had an effect on government and industry in the nation.
According to Theodore Roosevelt's view, trusts were certain. In his “new nationalism” speech in the year 1910, Roosevelt said that there could not be operational control of organization while their political action remains the same. To finish it was neither a short duration nor an informal duty; however, it was possible to be finished. Woodrow Wilson had a somehow dissimilar opinion on how trusts reacted in society (Roosevelt, 1910). He believed that trusts are ordinary but not certain. In his speech in 1912, Wilson states that trusts were artificial and believed they were unbearable. He did not care how much governmental control they were under and he liked to do anything in his control to stop them totally from taking over the activities.
He believed that “New Freedom” and “New Nationalism” were harmonious because they shared similar qualities. He also thought they could not be compatible because their philosophies on how to lead the nation were not the same. “New Nationalism” indicated that putting personal desires ahead of the country’s desires was wrong, which was an opinion the two speeches had in common (Bull, 1912). Another comparable opinion “New Nationalism” and “New Freedom” shared was that both contenders shown similar ruling in without big companies the gap between the poor and the rich would increase extremely. “New Nationalism” accepted that trusts and expectations were tolerable as long as they were being of help to societies. “New Freedom” indicated that the state was to render to the public all trusts so that the government required less intervention. Wilson attributed this because he believed that trusts were shown to be protected by government and could fundamentally control the government since it gave all the money (Bull, 1912).
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In “New Nationalism”, a belief on the work of government in big businesses was that there would be more control mechanism. Roosevelt (1910) described that with more governmental mechanism of control, there could still be monopolies but they would be carefully scrutinized. “New Freedom” had an opposing opinion on the matter. He reflected more on the necessity for the government to clear its trust since there were no large organizations. The ideas Roosevelt and Wilson discussed were still applicable in future civilization. Although the nation had no actual monopolies, some large businesses seemed to take over the industry in one way. A good example is Wal-mart, which has become one of the leading supermarkets in the nation. Microsoft Windows has also become a universal known computer industry and has credited to most of the computers in the region.
Theodore Roosevelt (1910) in his speech believed to have assisted the country to better what was happening in the economy because he had already finished a term as the president. He was capable of leading the government through the time of abundant trusts and controls. In addition, Wilson, who was elected President, used numerous improvements that Roosevelt had planned. With that promoted, if Theodore Roosevelt had been elected President, he would have perhaps been suitably armed to lead the state at that time (Roosevelt, 1910).
After appraising the speeches that aided the political campaign in the year 1912 presidential election, it is believed that the nation had not wholly resolved the matters of trusts and monopolies. As noted earlier, the nation still has organizations that are on the edge of becoming monopolies in the future time.
After effectively pushing for a few methods of New Freedom, which banned all inter-locking boards and all price-fixing, Wilson began to understand that his orders were unsuccessful in attaining his development goals. Therefore, in the next period of his “New Freedom”, approximately in his second term, Wilson progressively changed his style so that it became more similar to that of Roosevelt’s “New Nationalism” (Bull, 1912). Wilson, for instance pushed for formation of a National Trade Commission, a state organization that controlled businesses on an unceasing basis. He also held channel of the Federal Reserve Act that shaped a federal organization to aid as economic scrutiny and controller of the finance industry.
Possibly, Wilson’s most important governmental initiative was channel of a progressed federal revenue levy. This policy, which was used by the administration as a peaceful way of income relocation, most definitely the federal government was involved in the economy on a- ongoing basis, and, along with the Federal Reserve System, includes a key step in governmental directive of the budget. Wilson’s altering domestic governmental program revealed his flexibility in combining structures of “New Freedom” and “New Nationalism” (Bull, 1912). This blending of these two opposing policies of reformism was the conclusion of the reformist program of the first years of 20th century.
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