Course of the Second World War
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World War I (WWI) began in 1914 as a war between Germany and Russia; it was initiated by the German’s trying to check Russian power (Nicholls, 2003). The conclusion of the WW I was marked by the drafting of the Versailles Treaty, which consisted of the requirements for Germany. In 1933, Hitler was elected the Chancellor of Germany; he was expected to hit Western Europe, but he called for peace on 6 October (Nicholls, 2003). Between 1933 and 1935, Hitler was attempting to revise the Treaty of Versailles; this did not only place pressure on the League of Nations but also created tension in the whole Europe. By the way, Britain and France did not purpose to attack Germany, lacking the necessary machinery and skills that could match that of the Nazi army in Germany (Nicholls, 2003).
League of Nations was established in 1919 to sustain harmony between the nations of the world. The countries, members of the League of Nations, were supposed to realize and settle the disputes between any two countries. The solutions to the problems could be found through discussion rather than force. Whenever amicable solution is not reached, all the countries in the League of Nations would not trade with the aggressive nation.
However, the League of Nations was not effectivebecause not all countries joined it. Furthermore, Germany and Russia were not allowed to join the League of Nations because the former was responsible for the First World War, while the later was feared for threatening to spread communism. The League did not have power as compared to some individual nations. Its major weapon was to command member countries to end dealing with violent country. This did not work effectively, because some countries were not willing to lose business partners.
After the First World War, Germans did not accept the defeat; Hitler himself adhered to the thought that the defeat was a result of the German revolution background. Confidence was hence restored and another war was just around the corner. On the side of the Axis the atmosphere was violent; everyone was ready for a war only if there was a need to start it off. Secondly, the defeat of Germans gave Hitler an opportunity to seize power.
Being the Chancellor of Germany, Hitler was the one who motivated the WW II (Apple, & Christian, 1991). By the way, the World War II was also started by Britain and France when they declared war on Germany in September 1939, following Germany’s invasion of Poland. Although the outbreak of war was triggered by Germany's invasion of Poland, the causes of the war were beyond the invasion (Rosch, 1997).
The WW II started in 1939 and ended in 1945; it involved nations forming alliances to fight other alliances. The Axis and the Allies were the major alliances. Unlike the WW I, the WW II was more severe with a total of 100 million people being killed and injured. The root of the alliances systems is traced back to the WW I; the Triple Alliance that was formed by Austria, Germany, Italy and the Triple Entente that was formed by Britain, France and Russia. (Rosch, 1997)
Germans were very discontented on the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, as they felt it was too harsh. They could not afford to pay fines imposed on them for coursing the WW I, as it could expose German to poverty. Unemployment was prevalent in the country and there was a serious inflation. The government was seen by the Germans as incapable and could only be redeemed from its state by Adolf Hitler (Nicholls & Foster, 2005).
In some attempt to stop Germany from starting another war, Britain and French tried to negotiate with Hitler a few things, including Czechoslovakia issue. First Hitler seemed to agree, but in March 1939 he rejected the agreement and invaded parts of Czechoslovakia, which were not under the Germany territory. Britain and France were not ready for fights with Germany at that time (Nicholls, 2003). However, Hitler was warned that Britain and France would fight Germany if he invades Poland. Despite the warning, Hitler went ahead to invade Poland knowing very well the consequences and starting the World War II (Nicholls & Foster, 2005).
The WW II was more of a global conflict as compared to the WW I, which did not involve the colonies of Europe. The WW II was fought in almost every continent of the world; the neutral nations were not safe either, as they suffered attacks from the fighting nations (Nicholls & Foster, 2005).
The WW II was a true global conflict. The conflict was, however, traceable back to the WW I, that is why the WW II was simply a continuation of the extension of the WW I. The WW I ended with the Treaty of Versailles, this was not acceptable for Germany, as it humiliated the whole nation. This fact led to the outbreak of the WW II, which could not be simply avoided. Some European Nations wanted to confirm that Germany would not go in action again, while Germans were not ready to accept that they had been defeated in the WW I. First of all, they wanted to confirm their position, and, secondly, they were not willing to accept the Treaty of Versailles, so Hitler went back to rearm the Nazi army for another fight.
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