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Cold war is the state of military and political rivalry between the totalitarian communists and the capitalists. (Gaddis, 2006).The capitalists were represented by the USA while communists were represented by the USSR. The end of World War 1 marked the beginning of the strained relationship between the two countries. However, there various actions that happened between 1945 and 1960 which are vital in the analysis of cold war.
The 1945 Nagasaki and Hiroshima atomic bombing by the US was a major milestone towards facilitating the cold war. Japan was a communist and an ally of the USSR and therefore its attack meant an attack to the USSR which was the leading communist country in the world. The atomic bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima caused devastating effects on the country, the fact that prompted Japanese Emperor Hirohito to surrender in order to avoid more attacks. It’s estimated that over 150,000 people died as a result of the bombing and others were mimed due to radiation exposure. (Takaki, 1996).
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Communists also played a role in aggravating cold war especially in 1960, when a U-2 high flying altitude plane was shot and the pilot captured alive. The plane was an initiation of CIA (Criminal Investigation Agency) which is based in the US. The action happened a few days before the scheduled meeting between the US president, Dwilight D. Eisenhower and the soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. (Stekel, 2010)
Considering the above actions, it’s quite evidence that the two countries were in a state of dormancy and any slight provocation could have lead to a serious attack. These actions were aggravating the ‘cold war’ between two countries since none of them wanted to cede defeat. This shows that USA and USSR are two giants of equal volume and measure and therefore cold war must exist under such circumstances.
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