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A. Define and explain this theme
Social cultural as described as the bond that is created by various societies through the use of the type of language spoken. This theme is broadly examined in the research paper as various researchers interacted with the respondents. Situations such whether or not the respondent lived alone served to expound on social cultural interaction. The researchers gave the unsolicited advice in a form that made them interact freely with the respondents
B. What impact did the social relation of person providing the offer of support and advice have on the recipient’s experience of pleasure or displeasure?
The relation between the researcher and the respondent was mutually exclusive. The researcher just interacted with the respondent for the sake of the required information. The researcher was in no position to come up with premature judgment on the advice he was to give. This is mainly seen as they interacted as per certain categories.
1. Identify the similarities and differences among the age groups regarding the content of the unsolicited offers
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In terms of the unsolicited offers there are several similarities in various age groups as examined below. Majority of the adolescents find themselves living with their parents. Others on the other hand, still need the guidance of their peer and even parents. It is for this reason that they interact with their parents. Older individuals on the other hand too need the understanding of the adolescent generation. This is to enhance their interaction.
In contrast, the older generation gave higher rating to statement coded a wrong image (M=3.4,SD=0.56) than did the younger adults (M=3.1,SD=0.55) . Also the older generation was found to be more concerned than the younger generation that the unsolicited advice implied that others saw them as incompetent I area of the age identity.
2. Would these results be similar if the study was done in U.S.A.?
Assuming that the study was done in the United States, the results would be more or less similar. This is because human beings are often linked by a common goal. In the U S A, you find that there is a cultural aspect that seems to be similar to most citizens. The close link of subjects in this case the parent and their children is also synonymous in the states. The characteristic behavior in the respondents does no differ much as compared to those of United States residents
D. Consider the content of unsolicited offers to other possible age groups. How and why do you think the content of unsolicited offers to other would change if given to adolescent (average age 16, range 15-17 years), older individuals (average age 90, range 89-91)
The unsolicited support would vary if given to the adolescents as most of them still live with their parents. They rarely have established themselves therefore, they are bound to depend on the older generation. Unsolicited advice would be crucial to them. As reported in the context, the issues to do with age and play a key role in terms of the unsolicited support.
In relation to the older generation, we can say that they too require unsolicited advice. As indicated in the study, they found that those who lived alone required unsolicited advice. It is in this regard that we find that most of these older generations are left alone by their children. Ones the children get employed and start own families, they rarely take care of their parents.
II. The articles development methods
The article was formulated by subdividing the required response into different units. At first, the researcher identified theory guided selection of the situations considered vulnerable. Then formulated various methods of giving the advice. Some offered it to the people at shopping malls. The use of questionnaires too played a key role in obtaining information. The questionnaire give the respondents true feeling of the question at hand. The use of ANOVA for statistical further proved that indeed the research was worth the time.
2. The experiment in the article is it or is it not?
The article talked of an experiment that was carried out in terms of the respondent’s opinion on unsolicited advice. The respondent was to give the rating of various items. This is in terms of whether they were pleasant or not. As expected, the negative ones received unpleasant rating. In this scenario, we may say that indeed they study made use of an experiment.
B. Provide the results regarding the difference in the frequency of occurrence of unsolicited offers among the group
In order to understand this, zero order correlation studies were carried out. In the outcome, it was found that the highest relationship were between age and occurrence. This clearly shown as (r=-.46). On the other hand active discounting was rated as (r=-.51). Now, the overall correlation between occurrence and mean affect scores indicated more unpleasantness.
C. 1.In what way do you agree with the rationale provided by the author in their discussion of these findings?
The author took time to study and also come up with conclusive evidence to support his claims. The authors ascertain that the younger generation rarely like being advised sounds quite correct. Also, the fact that the older generation’s peculiar reaction to certain technical queries. These are the one that seem so personal. The author rational in terms of the discussion of the finding is quite accurate. The author rational that the unsolicited offers that were considered negative received unpleasant rating is true. This is the case as most of the unpleasant things make people not want to be associated with.
2. In what way do you disagree with the rationale provided by the author in their discussion of these findings?
I tend to disagree with the author discussion of the finding in his assertion protection may come from various life circumstances. This does not sound right to me as different people react differently to similar life situations. Therefore ones reaction to such situation has no correlation towards the age the respondent is.
III. Active person theme
A. Define and explain the active person theme
Active person theme is generally the author involvement of the researcher rand the respondent as related persons. The interaction between the researcher and the respondents as they offer advice. The advice given at times is not solicited in any form. It is just as a result of the researcher sociality.
B. How age groups differ in terms of
1. Interpretation of the unsolicited offers as violating appropriate social norms
The adolescent group rarely condoned receiving advice from their older generation. In most instances they perceived it as being a condemnation of certain acts they had done. is
2. Interpretation of events as unpleasant
In terms of the interpretation of the events as unpleasant, the there was no much difference with respect to various age groups. There seemed to be unanimous dissatisfaction of the unpleasant act. What the younger generation considered as unpleasant seems also unpleasant to the older generation.
3. Strategies used to cope with unsolicited offers
The author outline various strategies used to deal with unsolicited offers. The most notable ones are assertive ignore, assertive discounting and accommodate. The older and the younger generation seems to booth agree on using the assertive strategy for instance telling the donor why they did not want to support or ignore the offer.
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C. Formulating an hypothesis using the various study groups: young, Y, middle, M, and old, O. Affect the pleasantness and strategies that would occur in the following situations
1. Grandson, Y, providing unsolicited advice to grandmother, O;
The issue of the grand son who is young providing advice to old grandmother sounds relatively contradicting. Its hypothesis would be to test the basis under which the grandson would be obliged to give the old advice. Appropriate test would then be carried out so as to either accept or reject the hypothesis.
2. Grandmother, O, provides unsolicited offers to grandson, Y
In this case, the hypothesis to test would be the significance of grandmothers own advice to the grandson. The grandmother would be in a position to properly offer the needed advice to the son as she has lived longer than the grandson.
3. Daughter, Y, provides unsolicited offers to father, M
The daughter who is young giving unsolicited advice to the father would sound controversial. All in all, the hypothesis to test would be based on the type of information intended to be conveyed.
IV. Identify an aspect of the article or issue raised that sparked your interest .Provide your thought on that issue and offer additional related material for class discussion.
The issue in the article that greatly caught my attention is with regards to divergent opinions in dealing with unsolicited advice. I feel that more techniques are actually available as to how different people would brush off unwanted information from others.
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