Parenting and Family Relations

Parenting is the process of promoting and sustaining physical, emotional, social and the intellectual development of a child from birth to adulthood. The parenting process is the role of parents and in some cases the government (Davies, 2000). Several significant demographic and changes on policies that have occurred over the last few decades have profound effects on the arrangement and strength of families around the world. Parenting does not end, but it is a dynamic and continuous process. 

The process of child rearing determines the type of family relations and ties that exist in the world today. Parenting determines family formation and close ties among relatives and individuals. Couples determine and identify the kind of relationship that children have with close relatives. The choice of the parenting style determines the response of the kids towards family members and friends. Under authoritarian parenting styles, parents practice strictness and require rigid obedience from the children. This require strict adherence to stated rules that come with punishment if not observed. Children raised in such parenting styles become less cheerful, hostile, and vulnerable to stress. Authoritarian parenting styles observe infrequent use of punishment. Under these family settings, there is consideration of the feelings of the children. Parents listen to the need of their children thus creating an environment of communication (Fletcher, et al., 2008).

Permissive parenting encourages autonomy of the children relies on reasoning and explanation. The children show high levels of self-reliance and individual restraint. This is one of the most effective parenting styles. In such setting, parents value a child’s freedom and autonomy (Finkelhor, et al., 2009).

An uninvolved parenting style can shape individual experiences within a family. This style is one in which the parents are emotionally absent or physically absent. Communication to the family members is little or does not exist. They lack or show little response to the needs of the children. Children from such uninvolved family settings suffer in social competence, academic performance, and psychological growth and development. In some situations, dissolution of families occurs due irresponsible parenting of one of the couples. The type of the parenting style that the couples take determines integration or the disintegration of families. These parenting styles shape the experiences of the individuals, couples, and families (Fletcher, et al., 2008).

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The parenting practices that individuals and couples pursue shape the behavior of their immediate partners and those of children. Positive parenting involves supporting and guiding the children. This helps them to develop positive choices. These keep family ties close as family members look up to each other. Attachment parenting strengthens the psychological bond between family members. The existence of strong family bonds keeps families from disintegration (Finkelhor, et al., 2009).

Parents give unconditional positive encouragement to their children through respecting the child’s individuality and guiding them to develop their personality and potentials. This helps in shaping the personality and influencing proper choice making. As parents allow them to grow and seek identity, interruption of the choices taken by the individual is minimal. This shapes identity and makes the members in the family related the choices that they have taken with those of family members.

The changing social norms and values have revolutionized parenting. The existences of marriage and counseling centers in the modern day society have changed the view to parenting. The child rearing process is involving. On the other hand, child development is faster than ever before. Therefore, consistence in parenting skills is essential. This must be consistent with the policy requirements. Every parent must be present in their children’s lives. Parents must take a keen interest in the children’s educational needs and their early development. This has kept the family ties close as parents communicate about events to children. This enhances essential skills needed to handle situation based on the experiences and guidance offered by parents.

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Parents must make decisions about their child's education. Active involvement of parents in the child’s learning process has evolved the relationship among families (Mann, 2009). However, due to changing roles, there is a reduction in the involvement of the parents on the education of the children. This is because of the delegation of responsibilities. 

Changes in intergenerational relationships have reduced family ties. This occur when new parents alters the relationship between themselves and their own parents. The increasing the gaps in family ties have negatively influenced the relationships within the families. The quality of the ties and relationships is highly reducing among families (Mann, 2009).

On the other hand, changing marital roles have reduced family ties leading to their disintegration. The roles initially taken by different couples have shifted. The number of women in high-demanding careers is on the rise thus changing roles. This is because of the way in which couples divide tasks and responsibilities. Similarly, the fatigue linked with new children, relationship quality may diminish.

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The current rise in divorce has led to family reconstitution around the world. This is because of integration of families of different couples from previous relationships. The ties and the quality of relationships among families will diminish. The effects of globalization have continued to increase the emotional and physical barriers among families. Family ties tend to break as take jobs across the globe. The increased transfers of roles across family members depend on mass movement of families. This delineates children from their parents thus killing the family ties (Mann, 2009).

The developments in communication networks and information technology have shaped family relations. The interaction of families has declined thereby influencing the family ties negatively (Mann, 2009).

In summary, I would agree that parenting style affects family formation. This also influences the relationships among the couples and their immediate families. Change in social norms and polices can influence the family ties. This is due to globalization and advancement in technology.

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