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The movie was directed by Richard Attenborough and depicts an extensive biopic of Gandhi as a political leader who takes a stand against the Pass Laws that were introduced during his stay in South Africa. He later implements a non-violent protest that has inspired India to claim for its independence from Britain. Gandhi believed in the strength of the ordinary people and was able to mobilize them as they were allowed to participate in politics.
Identity politics are those political arguments that focus on the self interest and perspectives of an identified social group. It shapes people’s aspects through their identity, class, race, sex, religion and class. In identity politics, members of any group should not necessarily be involved in politics. According to the movie, the question of identity, ethics and morality should be discussed beyond politics. Gandhi talks about inclusive identity: social identity, spiritual identity and individual identity.
British came to India as traders, and when they found out that there was a political vacuum in India, they carved out a British Indian empire. Both Indians and Americans were alien nations to each other, and British people were able to rule over highly evolved Orientals that were many times more than them. Through Mahatma Gandhi and his non-violence position, he stood in the annals of history as the struggle for freedom was full of bloodshed before him. Gandhi attempted and was able to impress the British with his idea stating that they cannot hold India as a domination subject all the time. Gandhi is depicted as a powerful challenger to his audience by being presented as a profound and most effective revolutionary who creates a fierce personal discipline that leads to a marvelous historical expedience.
We know that the American or the French revolution were same in so many ways. They came about when the British government failed to realize the dissatisfaction and the seriousness of their unrest. In America, when the revolution erupted in 1776, the king of France supported the Americans for their bid to gain independence from the UK, but his lack of knowledge was the start of his downfall. The military and financial support by the French helped weaken the French economy. American revolutionaries first rejected the authority of the British Empire. The ideologies behind the American Revolution were based on religion, republicanism, liberalism and enlightenment of Americans, unlike Gandhi’s that were based on social identity, spiritual identity and individual identity. For American enlightenment there were ideas such as the concept of democracy, religious tolerance and liberalism. For realizations of the above ideologies, America, like France, employed the use of munitions. There were different battles that resulted in deaths of thousands of colonialists and Americans.
Although the early life of Gandhi is not depicted in the film, we have a flashback into 55 years ago to the life changing event of a 24 year old Gandhi in South Africa. He realized that laws are against Indians, and that is how he decided to start the “non-violent campaigns” proving that the rights of all Indians residing in South Africa can be respected. Despite numerous arrests, the government of South Africa finally relents to his demands by recognizing, not all, but some rights for the Indians.
After realization of these non-violent demonstrations, Gandhi goes to India as a national hero. He takes up the British Empire and mounts a non-violent and a noncooperation campaign against the Great Britain. He was able to coordinate millions of Indians throughout India and despite being meted with violence he resorts to strictly “no violence’. Therefore, Gandhi identifies with his people whom he organizes to mount an aggressive noncooperation campaign against Britain. Through the film, Gandhi shows us that we can achieve what we want by holding peaceful protests and not involving the use of violence or weapons.
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