Smoking and Lung Disease

Despite many complications of the smoking tobacco, many people are now struggling with its detrimental effects. Many people lose their lives every day to smoking-related complications. Because of the nicotine component in tobacco, it causes lung cancer, asthma, emphysema, influenza, bronchitis, and tuberculosis.

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One of the lung diseases that result from smoking is lung cancer. In the United States, many people who are smoking and those formerly smoked are suffering from cancer. According to scientific studies, lung cancer develops gradually over years (Egan 267). Therefore, exposure to smoking enhances the development of the cancerous cells in the body; hence speeding up the development of the disease. In the United States, almost 86% of the victims die within five years. Weight loss, persistent coughing, hoarseness, chest pain and increased production of mucous.

Chronic bronchitis is another lung disease that that is brought about by smoking. The disease entails a continuous inflammation of the bronchial tubes lining. Commonly, acute bronchitis occurs after a serious cold and lasts for a short time (Graves 31). For the smokers, bronchitis develops after the bronchial tubes have been irritated by smoke and get damaged and scarred over time. Some of the symptoms of the disease are tiredness, whistling or wheezing sound during breathing, mild fever, coughing and production of mucous in the lungs.

Too much smoking leads to the weakening of the alveoli; hence, obstruction of the airflow. In turn, the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide is hampered by the obstruction; hence, emphysema. The disease is also known to develop in men more than women. The patients of the disease are known to be smoking or smoked in the past. Research shows that ten times of the smokers develop the condition more than non-smokers. Diagnosis of the disease is facilitated by its symptoms that include wheezing, shortness of breath, and increased production of mucous in the lungs, general fatigue and regular respiratory complications.

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In addition, smoking of cigarette is a dangerous to a human health because it results in the development of influenza. This is a disease that involves a viral infection that is known to attack the throat, nose, bronchi and the sometimes the lungs. Some of the characteristics of the disease include unproductive coughing, sneezing, high fever, sore throat, aching muscles, severe malaise, rhinitis and headache (Maisto, Costabel and Du Bois 157). Cigarette smokers are highly susceptible to the disease influenza because of the damaged respiratory tract. As a result of influenza, the cell in the respiratory tract are killed; hence, the invasion of bacteria.

What is more, smoking of cigarette is deadly as it causes tuberculosis in people. Because tobacco is highly toxic, the chemicals reduces the defense mechanism of the hence it changes the system by dysfunction and destruction of the cells (Stratton 170). In turn, the lysosome is minimized, hence allowing the toxic substances and germs to reach the reach the alveolar. Also, smoking is instrumental in the alterations of the acquired and natural cell immunity, and thus affecting the leukocytes and the macrophages (Graves 35). Victims of the diseases are more in those smokers than the non-smokers and it gets worse, with the number of cigarettes smoked each day. The disease is characterized coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing of the chest and fatigue.

Lastly, it is inappropriate to smoke as it leads to the development of Asthma. It affects the air passages of the lungs as they get irritable and inflamed. As a result to exposure to some substances, they become narrow and thus difficulty in breathing. Asthma is characterized by shortness of breath, tightness in chest, coughing and wheezing of the chest. Smoking during pregnancy can also lead to the bearing of children who are asthmatic (Maisto, Costabel and Du Bois 157).

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Evidently, smoking is dangerous to the human system because it leads to lung diseases. Some of the diseases caused by smoking include asthma, influenza, lung cancer, tuberculosis, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and influenza. Therefore, it is vital that people avoid smoking in order to maintain a healthy living.

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